Kidney failure, also known as renal failure, is a serious condition that occurs when your kidneys stop functioning correctly. The condition may develop suddenly or gradually, and it can be caused by various factors, including diabetes, high blood pressure, chronic kidney disease, or injury. Patients with kidney failure have unique health needs that require special attention and care. In this article, we will explore the dos and don’ts for a patient with kidney failure.
Do: Consult with a nephrologist
Nephrologists are doctors who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of kidney diseases. If you have kidney failure, it is essential to consult with a nephrologist who can examine your condition, explain your treatment options, and provide you with the best care possible.
Don't: Ignore symptoms
Kidney failure can cause various symptoms such as fatigue, nausea, vomiting, shortness of breath, and confusion. It is crucial to monitor your symptoms and report any changes to your doctor. Ignoring symptoms can lead to severe complications, so it is advisable that you seek medical advice as soon as possible.
Do: Follow a low-sodium diet
A low-sodium diet can help reduce the strain on your kidneys and prevent fluid retention. Foods that are high in sodium include fast foods, canned foods, processed foods, and salty snacks. You should aim to consume no more than 2,000 milligrams of sodium per day.
Don't: Eat high-protein foods
High-protein foods, such as meat, fish, poultry, eggs, and dairy products, can be hard on your kidneys. Consuming too much protein can cause waste products to build up in your blood and increase the strain on your kidneys. You should limit your intake of protein to 0.6 to 0.8 grams per kilogram of body weight per day.
Do: Stay hydrated
Staying hydrated is essential for kidney function. Drinking enough water helps flush out waste products from your body and prevent dehydration. However, patients with kidney failure may have to restrict their fluid intake, depending on their condition. You should consult with your doctor to determine the recommended amount of fluids you should consume.
Don't: Smoke or use tobacco products
Smoking or using tobacco products can damage your blood vessels and increase your risk of high blood pressure, heart disease, and stroke. Smoking can also worsen your kidney function and make it more challenging to manage your condition.
Do: Exercise regularly
It is recommended that exercise can be used to treat kidney failure. Regular exercise can help improve your heart health, lower your blood pressure, and reduce stress thereby contributing as adjunct to treatment for people with kidney failure. However, patients with kidney failure may need to be careful with exercise, depending on their condition. You should consult with your doctor to determine the best exercise plan that suits your needs.
Don't: Take over-the-counter medications without consulting your doctor
Over-the-counter medications, such as painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs, can be hard on your kidneys. Patients with kidney failure should avoid taking over-the-counter medications without consulting their doctor. Some medications can cause kidney damage or interfere with your treatment.
Do: Follow your treatment plan
Managing kidney failure requires a comprehensive treatment plan that may include medications, dialysis, or a kidney transplant. It is crucial to follow your treatment plan carefully and attend all your appointments with your doctor. Sticking to your treatment plan can help improve your kidney function and prevent complications.
Don't: Stress out
Stress can cause your blood pressure to rise and make it more challenging to manage your kidney failure. Finding ways to manage stress, such as practicing meditation, deep breathing, or yoga, can help improve your mental health and reduce the strain on your kidneys.
In conclusion, those who have kidney failure have particular health demands that call for particular consideration and care. Patients with renal failure can lessen the stress on their kidneys, enhance kidney function, and avoid problems by adhering to the above-mentioned dos and don’ts. It is essential to routinely visit your doctor, adhere to your treatment schedule, and adopt a healthy lifestyle if you have renal failure.